New Findings: E-Cigs Aren’t Healthier Than Smoking
How Vaping Affects Teeth and Gums
“…vaping can be just as dangerous, if not more dangerous, when compared with smoking.” Perio Implant Advisory, Jan 10, 2019 “Vaping and Oral Health: It’s Worse Than You Think”
One in twenty Americans are vaping and more than half of those who vape are under the age of 35. Dental professionals are seeing its effects on patients’ teeth and gums.
Here’s what you need to know: even in small doses, the primary ingredients in e-cigarettes are likely to expose users to a high level of toxins. Here’s what they are and how they affect dental health**:
#1: Propylene glycol (PG), is a viscous, colorless liquid with a faintly sweet taste and one of the major ingredients of the liquid used in e-cigarettes. PG breaks down into components which are all toxic to enamel and soft tissue. PG also causes “dry mouth,” which has been shown to lead to an increase in cavities, gum disease, and other oral health issues.
#2: Vegetable glycerin (VG), a colorless liquid that’s 60% as sweet as sucrose. Studies have shown that the combination of VG with flavorings leads to a 27% decrease in enamel hardness as compared to unflavored liquids. The liquid also allows cavity-causing bacteria to stick to a softer tooth and can lead to rampant decay.
#3: Nicotine. The dangerous effects of nicotine on gum tissue are well known. The literature suggests that nicotine affects gingival blood flow as it is a vaso-constrictor. It also decreases connective tissue turnover. All of this results a much higher chance of developing gum disease tooth and bone loss.
Maintain Regular Cleanings & Checkups If You Vape
Stay on top of any changes to your teeth and gums from vaping with regular checkups. Dental conditions don’t go away on their own – they just worsen. Your best dental “insurance” is to catch conditions when they start.
American Heart Association Journal:
E-Cigs Affect Blood Vessels and Heart Health
According to the article: “Arteriosclerosis, thrombosis and vascular biology,” in the American Heart Association Journal, flavor additives commonly used in electronic cigarettes may impair blood vessel function,
Another published study, “E-cigarette flavorings may damage blood vessel function,” by Jessica L. Fetterman, PhD from Boston University School of Medicine, reported on the detrimental effects of nine chemical flavorings used in e-cigs that were tested for their short term effects on the cells that line the blood vessels and the inside of the heart. Her interpretation of the findings were: “Increased inflammation and a loss of nitric oxide are some of the first changes to occur leading up to cardiovascular disease and events like heart attack and stroke, so they are considered early predictors of heart disease.”
*University of North Carolina study
** Perio Implant Advisory, January 2019