The Facts About Cavities and Tooth Decay
Tooth decay leads to cavities. Cavities are pits, holes, and openings in teeth that cause pain and swelling. Cavities allow bacteria to enter the deeper areas inside the teeth, like the pulp.
Cavities and tooth decay are caused by bacteria in the mouth that produce acidic waste which damages the surface of the teeth, creating openings. The bacteria that cause tooth decay and cavities reproduce when they are allowed to feed on bits of food that gets left in the teeth and gumline. Poor diet combined with poor dental hygiene are the main causes of bacteria growth in the mouth.
Cavities and tooth decay lead to pain, swelling, trouble eating and performing daily activities, and eventual loss of teeth if not properly treated. Lifetime costs of dental work are increased as well, since tooth loss and damage will require treatment.
Treating Cavities and Tooth Decay
Treatment of cavities and tooth decay varies depending on the condition of the teeth and amount of decay that has occurred. Stop tooth decay in its early stages and prevent cavities by utilizing proper oral hygiene methods, having regular cleanings, and treating any tooth pain early. Sealants, fillings, root canals, and dental crowns are some treatment options. In severely damaged teeth, extraction and a dental implant may be the best option.